Java pepper is the fruit of the Piper Longum, a vine pepper native to India. It belongs to the cashew family.
Today, it grows wild on the island of Java in Indonesia and in the Himalayas.
The long pepper of Java is the fruit of the Piper Longum, a liana about one meter long.
Java pepper is harvested before maturity. It will be dried in the sun until it darkens in colour. This can sometimes take on reddish shades.